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生物降解材料在自然界的分解

生物降解材料在自然界的分解

来源网址:https://www.swjjkl.com/ 2022-06-16 15:55:57    

可生物降解材料被认为是由于自然界中存在的真菌和其他微生物的干预而分解的所有材料。 当一种物质受到细菌的攻击时,分解过程就开始了,它提取酶来帮助将初始产物转化为更简单的元素。 一个阶段包括逐渐从土壤中吸收颗粒。
Biodegradable materials are considered to be all materials decomposed due to the intervention of fungi and other microorganisms in nature. When a substance is attacked by bacteria, the decomposition process begins. It extracts enzymes to help convert the initial product into simpler elements. One stage involves the gradual absorption of particles from the soil.
另一方面,不可分解的物质只会留在土壤中并破坏周围的生态系统。 大多数现代合成材料都没有可以简化它们的细菌, 所以它们会随着时间的推移保持完整,从而污染环境。
On the other hand, non decomposable substances will only remain in the soil and destroy the surrounding ecosystem. Most modern synthetic materials have no bacteria that can simplify them, so they will remain intact over time, thus polluting the environment.
幸运的是,科学进步也在这个领域帮助了我们,创造了生态可持续和可生物降解的材料,可以取代那些现在已经过时和有害的材料。 阻止 自然界中不可生物降解的化合物的积累目前正在研究两种解决方案:使用可以攻击被认为不可降解的产品的根或微生物菌株,或开发可以被普通菌株生物降解的材料。
Fortunately, scientific progress has also helped us in this field, creating ecologically sustainable and biodegradable materials that can replace those that are now obsolete and harmful. To prevent the accumulation of non biodegradable compounds in nature, two solutions are currently being studied: the use of root or microbial strains that can attack products that are considered non biodegradable, or the development of materials that can be biodegradable by common strains.
这样,我们这个星球上每天都在发生的、很多人不知道的材料堆积,可以一劳永逸地结束,或者大大减少一些包装、纸张、材料等。 您无需等待数年,直到它完全有机地消失。
In this way, the accumulation of materials that occur every day on our planet and many people do not know can be ended once and for all, or some packaging, paper, materials, etc. can be greatly reduced. You don't have to wait years until it completely disappears organically.
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