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“白色污染”日益严重,生物降解颗粒的发展前景巨大。

“白色污染”日益严重,生物降解颗粒的发展前景巨大。

来源网址:http://www.swjjkl.com 2019-07-28 16:32:47    

  自从塑料发明以来,它在我们的生活中得到了广泛的应用。大量的不可降解塑料在给公众生活带来极大便利的同时,也对环境造成了严重的污染。

  Since the invention of plastics, it has been widely used in our life. A large number of non-degradable plastics not only bring great convenience to public life, but also cause serious pollution to the environment.
  此外,由于塑料生产的主要原料是石油,这给能源危机蒙上了阴影,发展可生物降解材料代替传统塑料已经成为一种趋势。
  In addition, as the main raw material for plastic production is oil, which has cast a shadow on the energy crisis, the development of biodegradable materials to replace traditional plastics has become a trend.
  根据达沃斯世界经济论坛2014年BBS预测数据,到2050年,海洋中不可降解的微塑料颗粒与鱼类的比例将从1:5增加到1:1,引发生态危机。
  According to the World Economic Forum in Davos in 2014 BBS forecast data, by 2050, the proportion of non-degradable micro-plastic particles in the ocean to fish will increase from 1:5 to 1:1, triggering an ecological crisis.
  到2050年,用于生产塑料的石油将占原油产量的20%,从而引发能源危机。因此,开发可降解材料是控制白色污染、缓解能源危机的有效途径。
  By 2050, oil used to produce plastics will account for 20% of crude oil production, triggering an energy crisis. Therefore, the development of biodegradable materials is an effective way to control white pollution and alleviate the energy crisis.
  世界各国都支持生物降解塑料的发展
  All countries in the world support the development of biodegradable plastics
  从国内情况看,为了限制不可降解塑料的使用,支持可降解塑料的发展,中央和地方政府出台了许多政策。
  From the domestic situation, in order to limit the use of non-degradable plastics and support the development of degradable plastics, the central and local governments have issued many policies.
  2008年,国家发布《塑料袋限量令》;
  In 2008, the State issued the Plastic Bag Limitation Order.
  2011年,国家发改委出台了鼓励使用可生物降解材料的规定,重点支持可生物降解材料的开发。
  In 2011, the National Development and Reform Commission issued regulations to encourage the use of biodegradable materials, focusing on supporting the development of biodegradable materials.
  2014年,国家发改委在长春、武汉、天津和深圳设立了生物降解产品开发和推广示范区。
  In 2014, the National Development and Reform Commission established demonstration zones for the development and promotion of biodegradable products in Changchun, Wuhan, Tianjin and Shenzhen.
  2015年,农业部开始在全国13个省市开展生物降解塑料薄膜试验,全面筛选推广高效生物降解塑料薄膜,其中吉林颁布《塑料禁令》,全面推广使用PLA35生物降解材料;
  In 2015, the Ministry of Agriculture began to carry out biodegradable plastic film tests in 13 provinces and municipalities throughout the country, screening and promoting highly efficient biodegradable plastic films. Among them, Jilin promulgated the "Plastic Ban" to promote the use of PLA35 biodegradable materials in an all-round way.
  2016年,江苏省出台了《循环经济条例》,禁止使用不可降解购物袋,河北省出台了《循环经济条例》,规定商品批发零售场所应当销售和提供可降解塑料购物袋。
  In 2016, Jiangsu Province promulgated the Circular Economy Regulation, which prohibits the use of non-degradable shopping bags. Hebei Province promulgated the Circular Economy Regulation, which stipulates that the wholesale and retail places of commodities should sell and provide degradable plastic shopping bags.
  生物降解颗粒
  Biodegradable Particles
  2017年,全生物降解材料被列入材料科技创新“十三五”规划。
生物降解颗粒
  In 2017, biodegradable materials were included in the 13th Five-Year Plan of material science and technology innovation.
  从一系列政策的角度来看,中国将进一步限制非生物降解塑料的生产,并继续支持发展生物降解材料,以保护环境。
  From the perspective of a series of policies, China will further restrict the production of non-biodegradable plastics and continue to support the development of biodegradable materials to protect the environment.
  生物降解塑料应用广泛,市场前景广阔
  Biodegradable plastics are widely used and have broad market prospects
  生物降解塑料主要应用于包装、纤维、农业、医药等领域,其中包装行业应用最为广泛。根据BCCResearch数据,预计2019年生物降解塑料需求将达到138.6万吨,复合年增长率将超过15.7%。
  Biodegradable plastics are mainly used in packaging, fiber, agriculture, medicine and other fields, among which packaging industry is the most widely used. According to BCCResearch data, the demand for biodegradable plastics is expected to reach 1386,000 tons in 2019, and the compound annual growth rate will exceed 15.7%.
  以PBAT为例,其主要市场为塑料包装膜、农膜、一次性塑料袋和一次性塑料餐具。中国是塑料薄膜的消费大国。2017年,中国生产塑料薄膜1400万吨,其中包装膜840万吨(60%),农膜420万吨(30%)。
  Take PBAT as an example, its main market is plastic packaging film, agricultural film, disposable plastic bags and disposable plastic tableware. China is a big consumer of plastic film. In 2017, China produced 14 million tons of plastic film, including 8.4 million tons of packaging film (60%) and 4.2 million tons of agricultural film (30%).
  根据替代包装/农用薄膜总量的2%估算,潜在市场约为25万吨,如果替代包装/农用薄膜总量估算为5%,潜在市场约为63万吨。PBAT具有广阔的市场前景。在未来,包装领域仍然是可生物降解塑料PBAT的主要市场。同时,随着汽车和电子行业新应用领域的发展,PBAT的市场需求将迅速增长。
  The potential market is estimated to be about 250,000 tons based on 2% of the total amount of alternative packaging/agricultural film. If the total amount of alternative packaging/agricultural film is estimated to be 5%, the potential market is about 630,000 tons. PBAT has broad market prospects. In the future, packaging is still the main market of biodegradable plastics PBAT. At the same time, with the development of new applications in automotive and electronic industries, the market demand for PBAT will grow rapidly.
  从全球可生物降解材料市场来看,主要的区域市场为欧洲、北美和亚太地区,欧洲在需求上处于领先地位,占据着最大的市场。
  From the global market of biodegradable materials, the main regional markets are Europe, North America and Asia-Pacific. Europe is in the leading position in demand and occupies the largest market.
  2018年,全球合成和生物降解塑料市场的收入份额中,欧洲约占36.8%,其次是北美。2011年至2018年,亚太市场年均复合增长25.7%,但中国市场需求相对较小。
  In 2018, Europe accounted for about 36.8% of the global market for synthetic and biodegradable plastics, followed by North America. From 2011 to 2018, the Asia-Pacific market grew by an average of 25.7% annually, but China's market demand was relatively small.
  在欧洲,2017年10月24日,欧洲议会全体会议投票支持欧盟肥料法规修订中支持生物降解塑料薄膜,潜在市场约10万吨。购物袋和其他生物基和生物降解材料需要约6 -7万吨。
  In Europe, on October 24, 2017, the plenary session of the European Parliament voted to support biodegradable plastic films in the amendment of EU fertilizer regulations, with a potential market of about 100,000 tons. Shopping bags and other bio-based and biodegradable materials require about 60-70,000 tons.
  就中国市场而言,目前生物降解材料由于成本高、应用市场低端,短期内依靠政策引导和政府鼓励支持。然而,从未来的预测来看,我国的可生物降解材料具有巨大的潜力。
  As far as China's market is concerned, biodegradable materials rely on policy guidance and government encouragement and support in the short term because of their high cost and low-end application market. However, from the perspective of future prediction, biodegradable materials in China have great potential.
  如果中国30%的普通购物袋是可生物降解的购物袋,那么市场潜力在30 -50万吨/年左右。“菜鸟绿色运动”计划到2020年用生物降解塑料袋取代50%的传统塑料袋,创造约10万吨的市场。
  If 30% of China's ordinary shopping bags are biodegradable, the market potential is about 300 - 500,000 tons per year. The "Green Movement for Newbies" plans to replace 50% of traditional plastic bags with biodegradable plastic bags by 2020, creating a market of about 100,000 tons.
  到2020年,农业薄膜产业将以生物降解塑料薄膜取代传统塑料薄膜的5%-10%,形成约20 -40万吨的市场。此外,随着城市垃圾分类处理和厨余垃圾堆肥处理的推广,如果30%的垃圾袋被生物降解垃圾袋替代,市场潜力约为6 -10万吨。
  By 2020, the agricultural film industry will replace 5% to 10% of the traditional plastic film with biodegradable plastic film, forming a market of about 200-400,000 tons. In addition, with the promotion of urban garbage classification and kitchen waste composting, if 30% of garbage bags are replaced by biodegradable garbage bags, the market potential is about 6-100,000 tons.
  目前,“白色污染”已成为全球关注的一个关键环境问题。国内外颁布了各种法规,限制甚至禁止传统塑料的发展,支持可生物降解塑料的发展。生物降解塑料应用广泛,市场广阔,其中国外市场,尤其是欧洲市场较为成熟,国内市场有待开拓。
  At present, "white pollution" has become a key environmental issue of global concern. Various regulations have been promulgated at home and abroad to restrict or even prohibit the development of traditional plastics and to support the development of biodegradable plastics. Biodegradable plastics are widely used and have a broad market. The foreign market, especially the European market, is relatively mature, and the domestic market needs to be developed.
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